More than 25 million Americans have asthma, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Allergens or other irritants entering the lungs can trigger asthma symptoms such as difficulty breathing, wheezing, and tightness in the chest. By limiting or eliminating allergens, you can minimize asthma attacks in your home.
Maintain Heating and Cooling System
One way to limit allergens in your home is through your HVAC system. Ducts can sometimes harbor dirt and mold; a good cleaning is in order. Properly maintaining the air filter also can help keep ducts clean. Ducts should be checked regularly by a professional and replaced if they contain a significant amount of mold. UV lights, integrated into your system, can help kill mold spores and other bacteria.
Another way to keep allergens out of the home is by cleaning it thoroughly on a regular basis. Change bed sheets weekly and wash them in hot water. Wash other bedding at least once a month. Wash stuffed animals in hot water, dry them completely and then freeze them to remove dust mites. Vacuum weekly, using a vacuum that says “HEPA filter,” “allergen control,” or “low emission. Clean basements and attics at least once a year, donating and recycling things you don’t use.
Control pests by eliminating their access to food and water. Clean up food as quickly as possible after cooking and eating. Avoid leaving food in your pet’s bowl all day. Avoid using pesticide spray; instead, use traps, poison baits, and pesticide gel or boric acid.